Publications

The Faculty members and Students published the following papers in various Journals of International & National repute / proceedings of conferences:



LIST OF PUBLICATIONS

2016

  1. Amitkumar N Lad · Alok Pandya · Y K Agrawal, Overview of nano-enabled screening of drug-facilitated crime: A promising tool in forensic investigation, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 80, 458-470 (2016). IF-6.84
  2. P. Patel, J. Sarvaiya, Y.K. Agrawal, Cyclodextrin based ternary system of modafinil: Effect of trimethyl chitosan and polyvinylpyrrolidone as complexing agents, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 84, 182-188 (2016) IF-2.85
  3. Nikeshsinh Chavda, Abhishek Trivedi, Jaydev Thakarda, Yadvendra K. Agrawal, Prasenjit Maity, Size Specific Activity of Polymer Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles for Transfer Hydrogenation Catalysis, Catal Lett. (2016) DOI 10.1007/s10562-016-1760-3
  4. Prajesh Prajapati · Y K Agrawal, SFC-MS for identification and estimation of the Ethambutol in its dosage form and human urine samples, Analytical methods. (Accepted) IF-1.821
  5. Abhishek Trivedi, Jaydev Thakarda, Nikeshsinh Chavda, Yadvendra K. Agrawal, Prasenjit Maity, A new route towards selective synthesis of supported Cu2O and CuO nanoparticles under extremely mild condition, Nano-Structures & Nano-Objects 6 34–38 (2016).
  6. M. Vakil, H Patel, K. Mewada, Investigations on composite deck with different interface connections, Journal of Structural Engineering, 42(5), 386-392 (2016).
  7. Trishala K. Parmar, Deepak Rawtani, Y. K. Agrawal, Bioindicators: the natural indicator of environmental pollution, Frontiers in Life Science, (2016). DOI:10.1080/21553769.2016.1162753
  8. Daksh Daksh, Deepak Rawtani, and Yadvendra Kumar Agrawal, Recent Developments in Bio-Nanoelectronics Devices: A Review, J. Bionanosci. 10, 81-93 (2016)

 


2015

  1. J. Sarvaiya and Y.K. Agrawal, Chitosan as a suitable nanocarrier material for anti –Alzheimer drug delivery, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 72, 454(2015). 
  2. A. Dhir and K. Chopra, Memantine delayed N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA)-induced convulsions in neonatal rats, Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology,  29(1), 72(2015).
  3. L. Pathak, A. Kanwal and Y.K. Agrawal, Curcumin loaded self- assembled lipid-biopolymer nanoparticles for functional food applications, Journal of Food Science and Technology, DOI. 10.1007/s13197-015-1742-2. (2015)
  4. H.G. Bhatt, Y.K. Agrawal and M.J. Patel, Amino- and fluoro-substituted quinoline-4-carboxylic acid derivatives: MWI synthesis, cytotoxic activity, apoptotic DNA fragmentation and molecular docking studies, Medicinal Chemistry Research,  24(4), 1662(2015).
  5. D. Rawtani, T. Sajan, T.R. Amipara, and Y.K. Agrawal, Emerging strategies for synthesis and manipulation of nanowires: a review, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci., 40, 177(2015).

  

 2014

  1. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Interaction of methotrexate with DNA analyzed by using gold nanoparticles as a probe, Instrumentation Science & Technology, 42(3), 308(2014).
  2. H. Patel, L.M. Manocha and S. Manocha, Synthesis and microstructure analysis of aligned carbon nanotube/pyrocarbon composites, New Carbon Materials, 29(5), 374(2014).
  3. D. Zolkowska, A. Dhir, K. Krishnan, D.F. Covey and M.A. Rogawski, Anticonvulsant potencies of the enantiomers of the neurosteroidsandrosterone and etiocholanolone exceed those of the natural forms, Psychopharmacology, 231(17), 3325(2014).
  4. A. Dhir and J. Sarvaiya, The efficacy of vortioxetine for the treatment of major depressive disorder, Expert Rev. Neurother., 14(12), 349(2014). 
  5. P. Prajapati and Y.K. Agrawal, Analysis and impurity identification in pharmaceuticals, Reviews in Analytical Chemistry, 33(2), 123(2014).
  6. P. Prajapati and Y.K. Agrawal, SFC–MS/MS for identification and simultaneous estimation of the isoniazid and pyrazinamide in its dosage form, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 95, 597(2014).
  7. P. Kale, Y.K. Agrawal, S. Gupta, C. Patel and I. Patel, Determination of Trazodone in human plasma by reversed-phase liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. Int. J. Pharm. Pharm. Sci., 6(7), 300(2014).
  8. P. Kale, Pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of single dose ibuprofen and pseudoephedrine alone or in combination: a randomized three-period, cross-over trial in healthy Indian volunteers, Frontiers in Pharmacology,   doi: 10.3389/fphar.2014.00098(2014).
  9. P. Salice, E. Rossi, A. Pace, P. Maity, T. Carofiglio, E. Menna and M. Maggini, Chemistry of Carbon Nanotubes in Flow,   Journal of Flow Chemistry,  4(2), 79(2014).
  10. A.N. Singh, P.K. Sharma and Y.K. Agrawal, Multifactors Application and its importance in Forensic Investigation, Applied Spectroscopy Reviews 49(8), 618(2014).
  11. A. Lad and Y.K. Agrawal, SiO2 Based Nanobiosensor Monitoring Toxicological Behavior Of Mitoxantrone In Vitro, Applied Nanoscience 4(5), 523(2014).
  12. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Emerging Strategies and Applications of Layer-by-layer Self-Assembly, Nanobiomedicine, DOI: 10.5772/60009.
  13. D. Shah, M.Vakil and M.N.Patel, Behavior of concrete filled steel tube column, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 2(1), 325(2014).
  14. D. Shah, M.Vakil and M.N.Patel, Parametric study of concrete filled steel tube column, International Journal of Engineering Development and Research, 2(2), 1678(2014).
  15. M.  Vakil, J. Shah and H.S. Patel, Numerical study on deformation characteristics of composite slab- with and without embossments, International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, 4(4), 477(2014).
  16. M.Vakil, J. Shah and H.S. Patel, Parametric study of composite slab using finite element analysis, International journal of futuristic trends in engineering and technology, 1(3), 133(2014).
  17. M. Vakil, K. Mevada and H.S. Patel, Experimental study on composite deck: with different aspect ratio, International Journal of structures and civil engineering research, 3(2), 104(2014).
  18. M.R. Patel and  T. Tank, Finite element modelling of RC deep beams strengthened in shear with CFRP strips, The Indian Concrete Journal, 88(8), 69(2014).
  19. S. Jamal, V.K. Baderia, Y.K. Agrawal and S.K. Sanghi, Fluorescence detection and identification of eight sulphonamides using capillary electrophoresis on released excipients in lake water, Arabian Journal of Chemistry, DOI:10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.10.039 (2014).
  20. M Blessy, R.D. Patel, P.N. Prajapati, Y.K. Agrawal,Development of forced degradation and stability indicating studies of drugs, A review, Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis 4(3), 159(2014).

  

 2013

  1. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, A study of the behavior of HNT with DNA intercalatoracridine orange, BioNanoSci., 3(1), 52(2013).
  2. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Interaction behaviour of DNA with Halloysite nanotube-Silver nanoparticle based composite", BioNanoSci. 3(1), 73(2013).
  3. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Behavior of Malachite Green with different adsorption matrices, Frontiers in Life Science, 7(3-4), 99(2013).
  4. L. Pathak, Y.K. Agrawal, A. Dhir, Natural polyphenols in the management of major depression,  Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs, 22(7), 863(2013).
  5. A. Dhir, D. Zolkowska and M.A. Rogawski, Seizure protection by intrapulmonary delivery of midazolam in mice, Neuropharmacology, 73, 425(2013).
  6. A. Dhir, Vortioxetine for the treatment of major depression, Drugs of Today, 49(12), 781(2013).
  7. R.S. Das and Y.K. Agrawal, Simultaneous monitoring of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in human urine, plasma and oral fluid by reverse phase-high performanceliquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), Journal of Chromatographic Science, 51, 146(2013).
  8. P. Prajapati and V. Vaghela, Optimized method for rapid estimation of Ciclesonide in bulk and its dosage form (rotacap) by RP-HPLC, Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, 36(12), 1678(2013).
  9. P. Prajapati and V. Vaghela, Densitometric measurement for estimation of Ciclesonide in bulk and its dosage form (Rotacap) by HPTLC, Journal of Planner Chromatography-Modern TLC, 26(5), 435(2013).
  10. A. Lad and Y.K. Agrawal, Multi-wall carbon nanotube-based DNA nanosensor monitoring toxicological behaviour of Mitoxantrone, Instrumentation Science and Technology,41(3), 325(2013).
  11. A. Lad and Y.K. Agrawal, Platinum based nanobiosensor for monitoring toxicological behaviour of therapeutic agent, Advance science, Engineering and Medicine, 5(4), 224(2013).
  12. J. Sarvaiya, G. Kapse and C. Tank, Iontophoresis of micellar composition of Lovastatin: Study of affecting factors and in-vitro permeation, Journal of Pharmacy Research, 7(4), 327(2013).
  13. C. Tank, G. Kapse and J. Sarvaiya, Transdermal drug delivery of fluvastatin sodium: Effect of permeation enhancers and pressure sensitive adhesive, Journal of Pharmacy research; 6(5), 573(2013).
  14. J. Sarvaiya, G. Kapse and C. Tank, Transdermal Delivery of Ivabradine Hydrochloride: Formulation, In-vitro Characterizations and Skin Permeation Study InventiImpact NDDS,2013(2), 168(2013)
  15. C.J. Tank, G.K. Kapse, J.I. Sarvaiya, Celiprolol hydrochloride delivery by iontophoresis: Study of formulation factors and in vitro permeation, Inventi Impact NDDS, 2013 (3), 218 (2013).
  16. C. Tank, G.  Kapse, and J. Sarvaiya, Iontophoresis of fluvastatin sodium: study of various factor and in-vitro permeation” international, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research; 4(9), 3444(2013).
  17. J.B. Kubavat and Y.K. Agrawal, U.S. Patel, Avanafil: A Novel Agent for Management of Erectile Dysfunction, Its Clinical and Analytical Approach, American Journal of Pharm.Tech Research. 3(3), 1(2013).
  18. R. Das and Y.K. Agrawal, Trends and advances in seperation and detection of SSRIs and SNRIs in biological matrices, Chromatography Research International, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/139459, (2013).
  19. P. Prajapati, V.M. Vaghela and D. Baraiya, Sensitive method for rapid estimation of Lornoxicam in bulk and its dosage form by RP-HPLC, Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(1), 110(2013).
  20. V.M. Vaghela, P. Prajapati and H.K. Patel, Liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC/ESI-MS/MS) method for quantitative estimation of moxifloxacin in human plasma, Journal of Chinese Pharmaceutical Sciences, 23(3), 159(2013).
  21. M.D. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, High throughput screening: An in silico solubility parameter approach for lipids and solvents in SLN preparations, Pharmaceutical Development & Technology, Pharm. Dev. Technol., 18(3), 582(2013).
  22. M. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, Development of ciprofloxacin HCL based solid lipid nanoparticles using ouzo effect: an experimental optimization and comparative study, Journal of Dispersion Science & Technology, Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology, 34(1), 37(2013).
  23. K. Kumbhani and Y.K. Agrawal, Drug conjugated nano-medicine as pro-drug carrier, Journal Nanoscience & Nanotechnology-Asia, 3(1), 86(2013).     
  24. S. Jamal and Y.K. Agrawal, Labeling of nucleosides with fluorescamine and detection by spectrofluorometer for End Stage Renal Disease, Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 20(4), 327(2013).

 

 2012

  1. N. Dalali, M. Yavarizadeh and Y. K . Agrawal, Separation of Zinc and Cadmium from nickel and cobalt by facilitated transport through bulk liquid membrane using trioctyemethge ammonium Chloride as carrier, J. Indust. Eng. Chem, 18(3), 1001(2012).
  2. M. Shah, S. Shah and Y. K. Agrawal, A brief insight into rational and novel approaches to ocular drug deliver, Am. J. Pharm. Res. 2(2), 91(2012).
  3. S. Shah, M. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, Self-Micro emulsifying drug delivery system: a novel approach for enhancement of oral bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs, Am. J. Pharmtech. Res., 2(1), 193(2012).
  4. M.D. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride Loaded GlycerylMonostearate Nanoparticle: Factorial Design of Lutrol F68 and Phospholipon 90G, Journal of Microencapsulation, 29(4), 331(2012).
  5. M.D. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, K. Garala, and A. Ramkishan, Solid lipid nanoparticles of a water soluble drug, ciprofloxacin hydrochloride, Indian J. Pharm Sci. 74(5) 434(2012).
  6. M.D. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal. Calixarene: A new architecture in the pharmaceuticals, Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 71, 21(2012).
  7. M.D. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, Carbon nanotube: a novel carrier for sustained release formulation, Fullerenes Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures, 20(8), 696(2012).
  8. Malay Shah, Y.K. Agrawal. Solid Lipid Nanoparticle: A New Vision in Ocular Drug Delivery. Int. J. Pharmaceutics (Communicated).
  9. Malay Shah, Kevin Garala, Jaydeep Patel, and AbhayDharamsi. Formulation Development and Evaluation of Carbon Nanotubes Doped Sustained Release Microspheres of Highly Water Soluble Drug. (Communicated to Current Drug Delivery – Bentham Publisher)
  10. A. Lad and Y.K. Agrawal, DNA labeled gold nanoparticles based optical nanobiosensor monitoring DNA-Mitoxantrone interaction, BioNanoScience, 2(1), 9(2012).
  11. A. Lad and Y.K. Agrawal, Optical nanobiosensor: A new analytical tool for monitoring carboplatin-DNA interaction in vitro, Talanta,  DOI:10.1016/j.talanta.2012.04.020 (2012).
  12. R.S.Das, Y.K. Agrawal and P. Prajapati, Rapid chromatographic and spectrophotometric determination of citalopram in relevance to pharmaceutical analysis, International Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Research 3(1), 177(2012).
  13. R.S. Das and Y.K. Agrawal, Spectrofluoremetric analysis of new-generation antidepressant drugs in pharmaceutical formulations, human urine and plasma samples, Journal of Spectroscopy, 27(2),59(2012).
  14. J. Prajapati and Y.K. Agrawal, Synthesis characterisation & applications of micro bubbles- A Review, Inter. J. Pharm. Sci. Res., 3(6),1532(2012).
  15. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Multifarious applications of halloysitenano tubes: A review, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci., 30, 282(2012).
  16. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Halloysite as support matrices: A review, Emerging Materials Research, 1(4), 212(2012).
  17. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Study the interaction of DNA with halloysite nanotube-gold nanoparticle based composite, J. Bionanosci. 6(2), 95(2012).
  18. D. Rawtani and Y.K. Agrawal, Study of nanocompos​ites with emphasis to halloysite nanotubes, Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci. 32(2), 14(2012).
  19. P. Prajapati, V. Vaghela, D. Rawtani, H. Patel, J. Kubavat and D. Varaiya, Azeotropic mixture used for development and validation of Lornoxicam in bulk and its tablet dosage form by spectrophotometric method, Journal of  Pharmaceutical Analysis, 2(4), 306(2012).
  20. H. Patel, L.M. Manocha, S. Manocha, Large-scale synthesis of carbon nanotubes from liquefied petroleum gas on Fe/MgO and Fe-Ni/MgO,   Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology-Asia, 2(1), 66(2012).
  21. A. Dhir, C. Lossin and M.A. Rogawski. Propofolhemisuccinate suppresses cortical spreading depression, Neuroscience Letters, 514(1),  67(2012).
  22. D. Zolkowska, C.N. Banks, A. Dhir, B. Inceoglu, J.R. Sanborn, M.R. McCoy, D.A. Bruun, B.D. Hammock, P.J. Lein and M.A. Rogawski. Characterization of seizures induced by acute and repeated exposure to tetramethylenedisulfotetramine. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 341(2), 435(2012).
  23. A. Dhir, Perampanel: A novel AMPA receptor antagonist. Drugs of Future, 37(1), 13(2012).
  24. A. Lad and Y.K. Agrawal, A review on Nanodevices determining toxicological behaviour of therapeutic agent, Reviews in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 3(1), 217(2012). 

 

2011

  1. R. Talati, S. Parikh and Y.K. Agrawal, Pharmaceutical Counterfeiting & Analytical Authentication, Current Pharmaceutical Analysis, 7(1), 54(2011).
  2. K.P. Dadhania, P.A. Nadpara, and Y.K. Agrawal, Development and validation of spctrophotometric method for simultaneous estimation of Gliclazide and Metformin hydrochloride in bulk and tablet dosage form by simultaneous equation method, International J. Pharm. Sci. Res, 2(6), 1559(2011).
  3. S. Kumar and Y.K. Agrawal, Progresses in Nanopores Fabrications and Nanopore Sequencing, Nanosci. Nanotech. Asia, 1(1), 2(2011).
  4. A. Lad, A. Mathur, Y.K. Agrawal, Estimation of DNA using gold nanoparticles as probe, Journal of Bionanoscience, 5(1), 66(2011).
  5. A. Mathur, Y.K Agrawal, An overview of methods used for estimation of time since death, Australian Journal of Forensic Science,  43(4), 275(2011).
  6. R.S. Das and Y.K. Agrawal, Raman spectroscopy: Recent advancements, techniques and applications, Vibrational Spectroscopy, 57(2), 163(2011).
  7. V.R. Patel and Y.K. Agrawal, Current analytical scope of pyrolysis – gas  chromatography,  J. Chem Pharm. Res., 3(1), 590(2011).
  8. V.R. Patel and Y.K.Agrawal, Nanosuspension; An approach to enhance the solubility of the Drug, J. Adv. Pharm. Technol. Res.,2(2), 81(2011).
  9. H. Balar, T. Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, Conjugating basics with drug delivery, Curr. Rheumatology. Rev. 7, 253(2011).
  10. H. Balar, T.Shah and Y.K. Agrawal, Rheumatoid Arthritis : Conjugating Basics with Drug Delivery, Curr. Rheumatology Reviews, 7(3), 253(2011).
  11. P. Prajapati, and V. Vaghela, A new spectrophotometric method for estimation of ciclesonide in bulk and capsule (rotacap) dosage form, Journal of Pharmacy Research, 4(6), 1738(2011).
  12. V.R. Patel and Y.K. Agrawal, Current status and advanced approaches in ocular drug delivery system, J.Global Trend Pharm. Sci., 2(2), 131(2011).

 

 2010

  1. Y.K. Agrawal, P.J. Gogoi, K. Manna, H.G. Bhatt and V.K. Jain, A supercritical fluid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantification of metformin and Gliclazide in human plasma, Indian J. Pharm Sci.  Indian J. Pharm. Sci., 72(1), 50(2010).
  2. K. Manna and Y.K. Agrawal, Design, synthesis, and antitubercular evaluation of novel series of 3-benzofuran-5aryl-1-pyrazolyl-pyridymethanone and 3-benzofuran-5-aryl-1-pyrazolylcarbony1-4-oxo-naphthyridin analogs, European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 45, 3831(2010).
  3. H.G. Bhatt, Y.K. Agrawal, H.G. Raval, K. Manna and P.R. Desai, Histamine H4 Receptor: A Novel Therapeutic Target for Immune and Allergic Responses, Mini-Review in Medicinal Chemistry, 10, 1293(2010).
  4. H.G. Bhatt and Y.K. Agrawal, Microwave irradiated synthesis and antimicrobial activity of 2-Phenyl-7-Substitutedalkyl/Arylaminoquinoline-4-Carboxylic Acid derivatives. Medicinal Chemi.  19(4), 392(2010).
  5. V.K. Singh, M. Anand, D. Rawtani, U.P. Singh, D.K. Patel, P.K. Mehrotra, N. Mathur, M.K.J. Siddiqui, Blood levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in women with benign and malignant breast lesions: a case-control study, Asian Journal of Medical Sciences, 1(2), 80(2010).
  6. R. Shah, P. Prajapati and Y.K. Agrawal, Anticounterfeitpackaging technologies, J. Adv. Pharm. Technol. Res., 1(4), 368(2010).
  7. B. Pandya, S.K. Menon and Y.K. Agrawal, Hydroxyphenoxyethyl Ether Dye: Synthesis, Complexation, and Alkali Metal Transport, Synthesis and Reactivity in Inorganic and Metal-Organic Chemistry, 34(7), 1291(2010).
  8. K. Manna, Y.K. Agrawal,Potent in vitro and in vivo antitubercular activity of certain newly synthesized indophenazine 1,3,5-trisubstituted pyrazoline derivatives bearing benzofuran, Medicinal Chemistry Research, 20(3), 300(2010).

  

2009

  1. Y. K. Agrawal and J. M. Vyas, Liquid-liquid extraction, speciation, separation and removal of As (iii), Sb (iii) and Bi (iii) with 15–Crown–5-Phenylbenzohydroxamic acid and trace determination by ICP-AES., Rev.Anal.Chem.,28,93(2009).
  2. M. Shah, N.Jadhav, Y.K. Agrawal , Carbon nanotube as adsorbent for floating microspheres of diltiazem hydrochloride, Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures 17(5), 528(2009).
  3. N.Dalalli, M.M.Zahedi, Y.Yamimi and Y.K.Agrawal, Cloud point extraction and determination of zinc, cobalt, nickel and lead by atomic absorption spectrometry, Rev. Anal. Chem., 28, 125(2009).
  4. Y.K.Agrawal, J.P.Pancholi and J.M.Vyas, Design and synthesis of calixarene, J.Sci.Indus.Res, 68,745(2009).
  5. Y.K. Agrawal, P.J. Gogoi, K. Manna, H. G. Bhatt and V. K. Jain. Quantitative simultaneous analysis of metformin and Gliclazide in combined dosage form by Raman spectroscopy. Indian Drugs, 46(10), 50(2009).
  6. K. Manna and Y.K. Agrawal, Microwave assisted synthesis of new indophenazine 1,3,5-trisubstruted pyrazoline derivatives of benzofuran and their antimicrobial activity, Bioorg Med. Chem. Letter. 19(10), 2688(2009).
  7. J.B. Kubavat and S.M. Asdaq, Role of SidaCordifolia L. Leaves on Biochemical and Antioxidant Profile during Myocardial Injury, J Ethnopharmacol.,124(1),162(2009).
  8. L.M. Manocha,  H. Patel, R. Pande, S. Manocha, A.K. Roy, and J.P. Singh,Effect of addition of nanomaterials on matrix microstructure and    thermal conductivity of carbon - carbon composites, Journal of Advance Materials, 41(4),65(2009).
  9. L.M. Manocha, H. Patel, S. Manocha, A. K. Roy, J. P. Sing, Development of carbon/carbon composites with carbon nanotubes as reinforcement and CVI carbon as matrix, J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 9(5),3119(2009).